|Focal length range||Types of lenses||Type of photography|
|8-24mm||Fisheye (ultra wide-angle)||Panoramic shots, cityscapes, landscape, abstract|
|24-35mm||Wide-angle||Interiors, landscapes, architecture|
|35-85mm||Standard lenses||General purposes|
|Short telephoto||Portraits, street|
|Medium telephoto||Sports, wildlife, action|
|300mm+||Macro Lens||Ultra detailed photography (wildlife, nature)|
Zoom lens is able to change the focal length. It can be a wide-angle lens, a standard lens, a telephoto lens, or a combination of lenses. Examples of focal length ranges for zoom lenses are: 16-35 mm, 24-85 mm, 70-200mm, 150-500mm.
Prime lens has a fixed focal length (8mm, 24mm, 35mm, 50mm, 85mm, 105mm, 200mm, 500mm) and often has premium features.